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Students Learn Foundational Skills and Begin to Understand the Relationship Between Written and Spoken Language

In kindergarten, children learn the 26 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each letter, then apply their new skills to blend sounds to read words and sentences. They practice all of the reading and language arts skills in a carefully integrated, multimodal approach using decodable text. By the end of the year, students can read, write, and spell hundreds of short-vowel words.

 Kindergarten Instructional Overview  
Word Work

The kindergarten program begins teaching children the foundational skills they need to become successful readers and writers. Through explicit and systematic phonics instruction, children learn the letters of the alphabet, one sound for each letter, and how to blend the letter-sounds to decode words. They are also taught how to write the uppercase and lowercase forms of each letter and to encode (spell) words with the letters and sounds they've been taught.

Word Work examples from Kindergarten

Fiction and informational texts are provided for teacher read-alouds. As soon as children learn enough letter-sounds, they begin reading short decodable stories themselves. Lessons for each text build background and vocabulary before reading and help guide children's comprehension during reading.

Examples of reading from Kindergarten

Children are taught to communicate their ideas through drawing and by writing letters, words, and eventually sentences. They learn basic mechanics and how to write narratives, opinions, informative/explanatory texts, and more.

Writing example from Kindergarten
 What Students Learn in Kindergarten  
  • All 26 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each
  • Writing all uppercase and lowercase letters
  • Blending letter-sounds to decode (read) words
  • Segmenting letter-sound to encode (spell) words
  • Reading 66 high-frequency Dolch words
  • Parts of speech, synonyms, antonyms, categorizing words
  • Comprehension and fluency skills for literary and informational texts
  • Writing mechanics, writing process, and types of writing
    (narrative, opinion, informative/explanatory)
Superkids in Kindergarten

See the Skills Overview Chart for a
complete list of the reading and language
arts skills taught in each unit of kindergarten.