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Students Read Authentic Text and Complete Daily Word Work to Solidify Skills and Achieve Grade-Level Mastery of Language

In second grade, students are ready to read text that is not phonetically controlled. They read grade-level literary and informational texts. At the same time, students review and consolidate essential phonics, spelling, and grammar skills and apply their skills in longer, more complex writing products.

 Second Grade Instructional Overview  
Word Work

The program provides daily word work to help children master the foundational skills they need to become life-long readers and writers. In their Word Work Books, children review critical word work skills from first grade and then go on to learn new phonics, spelling, structural analysis, vocabulary, and grammar skills. They apply their phonics skills and develop fluency by reading a short, two-page story in their Readers each day.

Word Work examples from second grade

Each unit provides engaging authentic fiction or informational text for daily reading instruction and practice. During even-numbered units, children read a fictional Book Club book that's appropriate for their reading level. During odd-numbered units they read informational articles in SUPER, a magazine designed just for second graders.

Examples of trade book fiction and informational non-fiction reading from second grade

Daily writing lessons teach critical writing skills and the writing process. Each unit focuses on one genre of writing: narrative, informative/explanatory , opinion, descriptive, poetry, or correspondence. The genres are revisited multiple times throughout the school year.

Writing example from second grade
 What is reviewed and taught in second grade  
  • Consonant digraphs, long and short vowels, r-controlled vowels, vowel digraphs, and silent letters
  • Endings, suffixes, prefixes, contractions, compound words
  • Decoding and encoding using phonetic and structural patterns
  • Parts of speech, synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, similes, context clues
  • Comprehension and fluency skills for reading literary and informational texts
  • Writing mechanics, writing process, and types of writing (narrative, opinion, informative/explanatory )

See the Core Instruction Charts for an overview of the
reading and language arts skills taught in each unit of second grade.